The Scheduled Castes population constitutes the socially and economically deprived caste group of the society in India. Though the two national parties, Congress and BJP, have always relied on aggregating support from various jatis to win elections at the local level, it is the political mobility of non-elite castes that is seen to have fundamentally changed the game.
They are Brahmins who constitute the intellectual elite. What resulted was castewise division of labour coupled with enduring ties between castes and pervasive ties that even cut across the strict caste relationship.
Lower-caste assertion is portrayed as having beset the previously clean political system with caste.
The Brahmin class is modeled in the epic as the archetype default state of man dedicated to truth, austerity and pure conduct. Yet the Congress has always been predominantly upper-caste. The aryas are renamed vis or Vaishya meaning the members of the tribe and the new elite classes of Brahmins priests and Kshatriyas warriors are designated as new varnas.
You can see here the interplay between jati and varna: the felt identity of both Jats and Dalits derives from jati, but the anger is fuelled by Dalit upward mobility, which is seen as a threat to the ancient varna hierarchy. People could not change their caste. Many occupations listed such as accounting and writing were not linked to jatis.
The tricycle Suman had been given by the state because of her condition stood blackened in a corner, melted plastic like burnt flesh against the spokes.
In constituencies predominated by Muslims, Muslim candidates are fielded and in areas predominated by Jats, Jat candidates are fielded. At times it leads to unhealthy struggle for power and acts as a divisive force. The Shudras were not only the erstwhile dasas but also included the aboriginal tribes that were assimilated into the Aryan society as it expanded into Gangetic settlements.