An introduction to the issue of neglect in the nation
System Dynamics Review. Second, the report does not specify a particular set of circumstances that would define whether or not an instance of child abuse or neglect has occurred.
Types of abuse and neglect
Society is also affected. As Wulczyn and colleagues note, the systems approach fits well with the major theoretical model in the field of child development—that of Bronfenbrenner The study employs embedded variables, such as children and parents within families, including all the variations that currently occur in families, and many types of data, from neighborhood characteristics to biological measures. It is important to note that while this scope applies to the organization and content of the report, some of the studies discussed in the following chapters draw samples from jurisdictions that include instances of extrafamilial abuse in their definitions. However, the federal government's leadership role in building a research base in this area has been complicated by changes and inconsistencies in research plans and priorities, limited funding, politicized peer review, fragmentation of effort among various federal agencies, poorly scheduled proposal review deadlines, and bias introduced by competing institutional objectives. During that same period, rates of reported physical and sexual abuse but not neglect have declined substantially, for reasons not fully understood. Although isolated studies of child maltreatment appeared in the medical and sociological literature in the first half of the twentieth century, the publication of "The Battered Child Syndrome" by C.
A better understanding also is needed of the utility and potential limitations of employing a singular focus on evidence-based decision making to guide policy and practice. Emerging intersections: Race, class, and gender in theory, policy, and practice.
A recent working paper by McLanahan and colleagues carefully reviews the literature on the causal effects of father absence to examine how study design impacts findings.
Factors such as racism, ethnic discrimination, sexism, class bias, institutional and professional jealousies, and social inequities influence the development of our national research agenda Bell,Huston, New knowledge and better research tools can yield a better understanding of the causes of child abuse and neglect, as well as the most effective ways to prevent and treat it.
Literature review on child neglect
Critical race theories, colorism, and the decade's research on families of color. The act, which has been amended several times most recently in , established a governmental program designed to guide and consolidate national and state data collection efforts regarding reports of child abuse and neglect, conduct national surveys of household violence, and sponsor research and demonstration programs to prevent, identify, and treat child abuse and neglect. To ensure some measure of quality, the panel relied largely on studies that had been published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature. The authors conclude that studies with more rigorous designs have found negative effects of father absence on child well-being, but with smaller effect sizes than have been found with standard cross-sectional designs. The examples listed in Table are drawn from state definitions of child abuse and neglect; however, they are not representative of any specific state. Importantly, this study serves as an example for the rigor of data analysis. Despite these advances, however, the research evidence also underscores how much remains unknown. Table presents examples of acts that are considered to represent each of these four types of abuse and neglect, as compiled by the Child Welfare Information Gateway. Among the key areas seeing significant advances are 1 research on the consequences of child abuse and neglect, demonstrating that its effects are severe, long-lasting, and cumulative over adulthood; 2 research demonstrating effects on the brain and other biological systems, as well as on behavior and psychosocial outcomes; and 3 rigorous treatment and prevention research demonstrating the effectiveness of interventions.
Inconsistencies in definitions often preclude comparative analyses of clinical studies. An underlying problem that can contribute to all of these types of system failure is incomplete analysis of opportunities and challenges at the initial stage.
Research paper on child neglect
Simpler designs and analyses can still play a role, especially when descriptive studies are needed to generate hypotheses. A Comparison With Other Fields of Family and Child Research A comparison with the field of studies on family functioning may illustrate another point about the status of the studies on child maltreatment. Sterman JD. The committee considered the most rigorous evidence drawn from a variety of study designs and methods, including mixed-methods, experimental, observational, prospective, retrospective, descriptive, longitudinal, epidemiological, meta-analysis, and cost-effectiveness studies. In addition to the category of child maltreatment, the duration, source, intensity, timing, and situational context of incidents of child victimization are now recognized as important factors in studying the origin and consequences of child maltreatment. Relevant studies were selected through a search of several scientific databases and were augmented by additional research conducted by other agencies and organizations see IOM and NRC, , for more detailed information. Many observers believe that the federal government lacks leadership, funding, and an effective research program for studies on child maltreatment. The committee emphasizes the importance of adopting a critical stratification lens in considering and writing about the impact of social and economic factors on child abuse and neglect. Restricting the scope of this report to parent or caregiver actors also allowed the committee to conduct a more focused evaluation of the causes and consequences of abuse and neglect, as well as the delivery of prevention and treatment services, within the context of family and home.
based on 106 review